Do most suicides happen without warning?

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Do most suicides happen without warning?

The majority of suicides are preceded by warning signs that can be both verbal and behavioral.

According to estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO), every year around 1 million people die from suicide worldwide. The phenomenon is, however, characterized by a wide geographical variability and Italy ranks among the countries in the world with the lowest risk of suicide.
Male gender, old age, the presence of a psychiatric disorder and substance abuse are the main risk factors in suicidal ideation. Having carried out a previous suicide attempt, especially by hanging or drowning, is strongly associated with the risk of repeating the act with lethal outcomes. Factors of a cultural, environmental and socio-demographic nature play a role in determining the geographic variability of suicide which, in addition to causing the loss of human life, is an act that heavily affects the family and social network of the subject.
Fundamental for prevention is being able to understand the main warning signs such as thoughts of death, depressed mood, sudden changes in behavior or mood, alterations in habits, neglect of one's external appearance, individual isolation. and social life, increased alcohol and drug use and self-harm, histories of trauma and abuse or suicide of family members, previous suicide attempts, impulsive and / or aggressive tendencies, loss of work or large amounts of money, lack of social relationships, easy access to weapons and lack of access to care.
Early recognition of warning signs enables effective health intervention.

1. Available on the website: World Health Organization (WHO)
2. Available on the site: Suicide Prevention Service
3. Ministry of Health. Report on the State of Health of the Country (RSSP) 2012-2013

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