If I eat bread and pasta, can I not take diabetes medications?
Nutrition plays a central role in the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus, but it cannot in any way replace drugs where, based on the appropriate tests performed, they have been indicated.
90-95% of diabetes sufferers have type 2 diabetes, once improperly called "food". This disease generally occurs in adulthood (2/3 of diabetes cases affect people over 64 years of age) although, in recent years, an increasing number of adolescents have been affected. In Italy, over 3 million people are affected by type 2 diabetes, equal to 5.5% of the population; it is also estimated that about 1 million people who do not know they have this disease must add to this number.
Proper nutrition is essential for people with diabetes and does not differ much from what anyone, even in perfect health, should follow. As for carbohydrates, the choice should fall on foods with a low glycemic index (which is the ability of a food to increase blood sugar levels more or less quickly after a meal).Pasta, legumes and whole grains have a lower glycemic index than bread while, for example, rice has a high glycemic index. If despite the dietary prescriptions the blood glucose values are not well controlled, then it is necessary to take drugs that bring the blood sugar back to normal levels.
The beginning of a drug therapy, however, must not in any way make people stop following a correct diet and do regular physical activity. These lifestyles are considered the basis of diabetes prevention and therapy.
1. Available on the website: Ministry of Health