Will the Ebola virus land on our shores with boats?
No case of Ebola has occurred in our country, not even during the days of maximum spread of the epidemic. The only cases that arrived in Italy were those of health workers (and not migrants!) Infected in West Africa, immediately repatriated for the treatment of the disease.
The landings of migrants did not represent a concrete risk for the spread of the Ebola virus as the journey, often lasting a few months, turns out to be too long for the disease to manifest itself upon arrival in our country. In fact, the incubation period, during which there is no risk of transmission, is for a maximum of 21 days, while the disease with the typical symptoms disappears in a few days, leading to death the person who does not receive adequate medical care: everything ends long before the trip ends conclude. The only cases that arrived in Italy were health workers infected in Africa while they were working to respond to this health emergency.
Furthermore, the disease is not transmissible by air, but only through direct contact with body fluids of patients (blood, vomit and excrement) or objects contaminated by them. The risk of transmission for close contacts and healthcare professionals is also very low if safety procedures are followed.
This means that the 2014-2016 epidemic that hit Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea would have been relatively easy to contain in territories with competent health systems, while it was very difficult to intervene due to the dramatic conditions of poverty and fragility. of health facilities in the countries concerned.
1. Ministry of Health. Ebola
2. World Health Organization (WHO). Ebola virus disease