Is it serious to get an infectious disease in pregnancy?
Contracting some infectious diseases during pregnancy can pose risks to the unborn child, but mothers can take precautions even before getting pregnant!
Mothers wonder if infectious diseases contracted during pregnancy are always dangerous for their baby. It is not so. Some, however, such as rubella, chicken pox and toxoplasmosis, carry high risks for the fetus, especially if contracted in the first trimester of pregnancy. At this stage, the infection could generate spontaneous abortion, intra-uterine death, severe fetal malformations, vision defects, deafness and mental retardation.
This is why mothers, before pregnancy, should perform a blood test to check for antibodies against these diseases and, if necessary, take the necessary precautions. Vaccination is available for rubella and chickenpox (to be done before becoming pregnant!) (4-6), while for toxoplasmosis it is necessary to take appropriate hygiene measures to avoid infection (always wash your hands, do not eat raw meat or undercooked, do not eat sausages, carefully wash raw vegetables and fruit, avoid contact with stray cats and their feces). Women found to be devoid of antibodies to toxoplasmosis will have to repeat the blood test during pregnancy to make sure they have not fallen ill without realizing it.
In any case, if the mother contracts an infectious disease during pregnancy she will always have to consult her doctor to evaluate the health conditions of the child and decide on possible treatments.
1. Ministry of Health. Rubella
2. Ministry of Health. Chickenpox
3. National Guideline System (SNLG). Physiological pregnancy
4. Ministry of Health. Surveillance of congenital rubella and rubella virus infection in pregnancy in light of the new National Plan for the Elimination of Measles and Congenital Rubella 2010-2015
5. EpiCentro (ISS). Congenital rubella and in pregnancy
6. EpiCentro (ISS). Chickenpox
7. EpiCentro (ISS). Toxoplasmosis