Anal pain or proctalgia

Content

Introduction

Introduction

Anal pain can be exhausting, although it often comes from non-worrying causes that can be treated. Its scientific name is proctalgia.

Most frequent causes of anal pain

Most frequent causes of anal pain

Among the most frequent causes of anal pain are ulcerations, hemorrhoids, fistulas and abscesses.

Anal ulcerations

They are small, cut-like wounds that occur around the anus or in the anal canal due to the passage of heavy or hard stools. The disorders (symptoms) they cause are:

  • sharp, stinging pain during defecation
  • persistent burning that lasts for several hours after defecation
  • bleeding from the anus, visible from the traces of blood on the toilet paper

These wounds can be very painful, although they typically heal spontaneously within a few weeks. Eating a high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of fluids, and taking over-the-counter laxatives or pain relievers may help.If the pain persists, a special ointment that relaxes the anus muscle can be applied. Otherwise, surgery can heal the wound.

Hemorrhoids

They are vascular structures made up of dilated blood vessels that form inside or outside the anus. It is commonly believed that they are due to effort during defecation, following a long period of constipation (constipation). some cases do not have disorders (symptoms) but if they are present, they include:

  • bleeding following defecation
  • itch to the anus
  • feeling of having a lump close to the anus
  • soreness and redness around the anus
  • acheto the anus due to a blood clot causing the blood supply to the hemorrhoid to stop or stop

Generally, the complaints disappear after a few days. If the blood flow in the hemorrhoid is blocked due to a clot, it can be removed after applying an anesthetic locally.

Anal fistulas and abscesses

The anal fistula looks like a small tunnel between the terminal part of the intestine and the skin surrounding the anus. Usually, it is caused by an "infection characterized by the presence of pus (abscess). Disorders that may appear include:

  • constant, throbbing pain which can be made worse by sitting down
  • skin irritation around the anus
  • discharge of pus or blood with feces
  • swelling and redness around the anus
  • fever

In these cases, if the abscess is detected early, the family doctor may prescribe the use of antibiotics. If, despite the treatment, the abscess does not regress, hospitalization and general anesthesia may be necessary to make it reabsorb. If the fistula enlarges, surgery is needed, as it rarely heals spontaneously.

Less frequent causes of anal pain

Less frequent causes of anal pain

There are several causes that less frequently can cause anal pain. They include:

  • fleeting proctalgia (proctalgia fugax), a disease that causes sudden and very strong anorectal pain that however lasts a few minutes; you can intervene with a dressing that relaxes the pelvic muscles
  • levator anus syndrome (Levator ani), constant sensation of itching and perineal pressure that can last for hours and days and is cured by relaxing the muscles of the pelvic area
  • chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive system, such as Crohn's disease causes abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea and weight loss
  • infections, such as those caused by pathogenic fungi or a "sexually transmitted infection that affects the" last part of the intestine (rectum)
  • osteopathy, such as pain in the coccyx area (coccydynia) or pain radiating from the lower back, pelvic area or hips due to "arthritis or bone cancer
  • urinary tract problem, such as inflammation or infection of the prostate gland (prostatitis)
  • cancer of the anus or lower rectum, in the latter case the disorders (symptoms) are similar, although rarer, to those of hemorrhoids and anal fistulas

In cases in which anal pain does not subside, remains intense, does not subside in a few days and there is blood loss from the rectal canal, it is necessary to contact the family doctor. You shouldn't feel embarrassed, as anal pain is a frequent problem and your doctor can suggest the most appropriate treatment. It may be necessary to perform a manual rectal examination to check for any abnormalities to report to a specialist and to carry out any investigations.

Bibliography

Bibliography

NHS. Anal pain (proctalgia) (English)

Editor'S Choice 2022

Bullying

Bullying

The term bullying refers to a set of social behaviors characterized by continuous abuse and intentional abuse of both a physical and psychological nature, oppressive and persecutory, repeated over time and aimed at people considered

Thallium

Thallium

Thallium (Tl) is a natural component of the earth's crust. In the environment it derives mainly from human activities such as the combustion of coal. Emitted into the air, it is deposited in surface waters and in the soil where it is absorbed by plants

Knee pain

Knee pain

Knee pain can be caused by a number of factors, some minor, some more severe. It is typically caused by overstressing or by traumatic events such as a sprain, ligament rupture, or meniscus damage

!-- GDPR -->