Is it dangerous to exercise during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, moderate physical activity, such as taking long walks, promotes psycho-physical well-being.
Many women are afraid of exercising during pregnancy fearing it could be risky for themselves and the baby. If the woman already practiced physical activity and is well trained, she can continue to practice it, subject to medical evaluation, avoiding the activities associated with the risk of falls, abdominal trauma and considerable physical effort. If you have never played sports, it is best to start slowly and gradually increase the duration and intensity of the activity over time. During pregnancy, moderate-to-low intensity aerobic activities are preferred, which do not involve joint overload, especially in the pelvis and spine, such as swimming and walking. On the other hand, activities at risk of falls or abdominal trauma such as horse riding and cycling and scuba diving which have been associated with congenital defects and fetal decompression disease should be avoided.
The recommended activities during pregnancy should be practiced for at least 30 minutes a day. Regular physical activity, in fact, helps to improve mood and maintain physical fitness, improves circulation and, when combined with a balanced diet, reduces the risk of varicose veins and swelling of the hands, feet and ankles and can help prevent back pain. Moreover, if carried out from the beginning of pregnancy, it reduces the risk of gestational diabetes. It is, however, always advisable to ask your doctor for advice to choose the physical activity to practice during pregnancy.
1. Patient. Pregnancy and physical activity
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Healthy pregnant or postpartum woman
3. Sanabria-Martínez G, García-Hermoso A, Poyatos-León R, Álvarez-Bueno C, Sánchez-López M, Martínez-Vizcaino V.Effectiveness of physical activity interventions on preventing gestational diabetes mellitus and excessive maternal weight gain: a meta-analysis [Summary].BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology. 2015; 122: 1167-74
4. Umberto Veronesi Foundation. Magazine. Tips for exercising during pregnancy